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Connecting San Francisco Low-Income Housing with Monkey Brains - Community Broadband Bits Podcast 264
After we saw April Glaser's article on a local San Francisco ISP connecting low-income housing to high-quality Internet access, we knew we wanted to learn more. Preston Rhea is the Senior Field Engineer for Monkey Brains and someone we knew from his work with the Open Technology Institute at New America. He joins us with Mason Carroll, Lead Engineer for Monkey Brains, to explain what they are doing in Hunters Point and more broadly across San Francisco.
Monkey Brains delivers Internet access primarily via high-capacity fixed-wireless links to buildings with multiple tenants. Working with the San Francisco Housing Development Corporation, they are delivering gigabit access to low-income housing units at Hunters Point.
Preston and Mason discuss the process, the challenges, the long-term plan, and more. In particular, they discuss why good wiring in each building is important for ensuring high-quality access to each household rather than just relying on common Wi-Fi access points around the buildings.
We want your feedback and suggestions for the show-please e-mail us or leave a comment below.
Listen to other episodes here or view all episodes in our index. See other podcasts from the Institute for Local Self-Reliance here.
Thanks to Arne Huseby for the music. The song is Warm Duck Shuffle and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (3.0) license.
Just south of Mount San Jacinto in southern California, several small communities hope for better Internet access. The local cooperative has submitted a plan to build a next generation network fiber network further into Riverside County.
Anza Electric Cooperative wants to expand its Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) network through another 200 square miles of its service territory. This $3.7 million project should connect another 1,200 residents to the growing network.
New Project Proposed by Anza Electric
Currently, Anza Electric is drumming up funding for the proposed project. The co-op already has about $1.5 million to put toward the venture and is now requesting a $2.2 million grant from the state.
This network, called Connect Anza, will bring high-speed Internet service to several small, rural communities in Riverside County: Pinyon Pines, Garner Valley, and Mountain Center. High-speed Internet service of 50 Megabits per second (Mbps) will be $49 per month; service is symmetrical so upload and download speeds are the same. Residents will also be able to get phone service from the co-op for another $20 per month. Local fire stations and the Ronald McDonald camp for children with cancer will receive free Internet access through this project.
Anza Electric Built a Network
The deployment continues Anza Electric’s previous project to connect more than 3,000 underserved households around Anza, California. The previous project was pushed forward by the overwhelming support of the electric cooperative’s member-owners, residents who receive electric service from the co-op.
Cooperatives around the country have built on their long legacy of delivering essential infrastructure by starting to deliver next-generation Internet services. Here, we cover the basics of cooperatives in rural areas and then discuss the details of electric and telephone cooperatives that have already branched out into Internet service. Finally, we highlight the first fiber optic cooperative provider, and discuss how other communities have better Internet service through building their own networks.
Read the full policy brief Cooperatives Fiberize Rural America: A Trusted Model for the Internet Era on ILSR.org. View the archive for previous editions of the report.
Why Rural Cooperatives?
Cooperatives are part of the fabric of rural America. The member owners control the cooperative: each person receiving service is a member of the cooperative and can directly vote in elections for the Board of Directors or even become a member of the Board.
Starting in the 1930s, the U.S. Department of Agriculture supported communities as they created more than 900 electric cooperatives across the country. In the 1950s, the federal government again supported communities building telephone networks, crisscrossing the country with telephone cooperatives to connect rural communities.
Each technology brought new markets, revitalized economies, and revolutionized industries. Cooperatives have a long history of building and maintaining essential infrastructure and providing excellent service in rural communities. Now they have the chance to do that again by building next-generation networks for Internet service.
Rural Public Policies
Rural areas face a number of challenges that urban and suburban communities do not. Low population density coupled with rough terrain can make building infrastructure challenging. Added to these factors, rural communities may not have access to the same financial resources as larger towns and cities do.
Cooperatives, however, have made infrastructure projects work in rural communities for nearly a century. They have access to funding from their membership base, local banks, and often the federal government. Some state governments have expanded their broadband grant and loan programs to include electric cooperatives. Other states have clarified laws and policies to recognize that electric cooperatives can build fiber networks for Internet service using their current infrastructure. A few states have even removed legislative hurdles that stymied investments by electric cooperatives. Technically, the 1996 Telecommunications Act, Section 253, prohibits states from stopping any co-op from offering Internet service, but co-ops in many states are loathe to challenge state law in court.
In 2019, the state removed restrictions that prevented electric cooperatives from using USDA funding for non-electrical purposes, such as broadband networks. Our 2016 report, North Carolina Connectivity: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, highlighted how this roadblock kept the state’s electric co-ops from providing service to many rural communities.
During the 2017 legislative session, this state has clarified the language in its laws to allow electric cooperatives to build networks for Internet service.
Cooperatives already have access to utility poles, easements, and Rights-of-Way in the communities that they serve. Indiana, however, needed to clarify that electric co-ops can use this access to provide Internet service, so it passed the FIBRE Act. Other states, including Georgia, Maryland, and Texas, have since followed suit.
Minnesota & Colorado
Minnesota and Colorado have made funding easier to access for cooperatives interested in providing Internet service. Both states have designed grant programs that promote local solutions to connectivity problems. In Minnesota, cooperatives provide most of the Fiber-to-the-Home Internet service thanks in no small part to that grant program.
More than 900 rural electric cooperatives provide electricity to about 12 percent of the U.S. population. Their service area, however, covers more than half of the total land, nearly 2 million square miles. About 90 rural electric co-ops have embarked on fiber optic projects to increase Internet access for their members.
Several of these electric cooperatives started by building fiber optic lines to substations and large demand centers to increase the reliability of the electric system through better monitoring. This could then form the backbone of a network for Internet service to businesses and residents.
Articles and Interviews
We have written many articles and collected several reports detailing how electric cooperatives have tried to increase Internet access in their communities. These stories show the many different ways electric cooperatives have structured partnerships and programs for their members.
Several electric cooperatives provide Internet service themselves. Some started pilot projects, while others built out to their entire service area. The Fiber-to-the-Home project by Valley Electric Association boosted the local economy in Pahrump, Nevada. The co-op has already added 31 new jobs because of the fiber service.
Others partner with an existing telephone cooperative or telephone company. Ouachita Electric in Arkansas is one of the many cooperatives to have done this. By combining their resources and expertise, this partnership is able to extend electric and Internet service throughout much of southern Arkansas.
Many electric cooperatives work together, such as Sho-Me Power in Missouri and LS Networks in Oregon. These cooperatives have provided connectivity for local ISPs and businesses, and now are looking to connect residents.
In episode 229 of the Community Broadband Bits podcast, Jon Chambers, the former head of the FCC Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis, describes how electric cooperatives have the potential to bring Internet access to unserved rural America.
Mel Coleman, president of NRECA and CEO of North Arkansas Electric Cooperative, joined the podcast in episode 243 to discuss how the electric co-op had improved Internet access for its members and what other cooperatives are doing.
List of Fiber Projects
This is a list of the rural electric cooperatives that have programs and projects to increase connectivity in their service areas. They do not all provide Fiber-to-the-Home. Some only offer fiber connections to businesses or provide wireless last mile connections while others focus on dark fiber and fiber transport services for other Internet Service Providers. (Total: 109) (Last updated: 12/2019)
|Central Alabama Electric Cooperative||Alabama||FTTH (announced)|
|Joe Wheeler Electric Membership Corporation||Alabama||FTTH (announced)|
|North Alabama Electric Cooperative||Alabama||FTTH|
|Tombigbee Electric Cooperative (freedom FIBER)||Alabama||FTTH|
|Wiregrass Electric Cooperative||Alabama||Fiber backbone (under construction) — collaboration with cable company to connect members|
|Arkansas Valley Electric Cooperative (WAVE Rural Connect)||Arkansas||FTTH|
|Craighead Electric Cooperative Corporation (Empower)||Arkansas||FTTH|
|North Arkansas Electric Cooperative (NEXT)||Arkansas||FTTH|
|Ouachita Electric Cooperative (ARIS)||Arkansas||FTTH — collaboration with telephone company|
|Ozarks Electric Cooperative (OzarksGo)||Arkansas||FTTH|
|South Central Arkansas Electric Cooperative (South Central Connect)||Arkansas||FTTH|
|Anza Electric Cooperative (ConnectAnza)||California||FTTH|
|Plumas-Sierra Rural Electric Cooperative (Plumas-Sierra Telecommunications)||California||FTTH & wireless with fiber backbone|
|San Luis Valley Rural Electric Cooperative (Ciello)||Colorado||FTTH|
|Delta-Montrose Electric Association (Elevate Fiber)||Colorado||FTTH|
|Southeast Colorado Power Association (SECOM)||Colorado||FTTH|
|Yampa Valley Electric Association (Luminate Broadband)||Colorado||FTTH|
|Blue Ridge Mountain EMC||Georgia &|
|Habersham Electric Membership Corporation (Trailwave; North Georgia Network Cooperative)||Georgia||FTTH; FTTB and Schools|
|Jefferson Energy Cooperative||Georgia||FTTB — collaboration with Pineland Telephone Cooperative|
|Illinois Electric Cooperative||Illinois||FTTH|
|Jo-Carrol Energy (Sand Prairie)||Illinois||FTTH & wireless with fiber backbone|
|Jackson County Rural Electric Membership Corporation (Jackson Connect)||Indiana||FTTH|
|Johnson County Rural Electric Membership Corporation||Indiana||FTTH — collaboration with NineStar Connect|
|NineStar Connect (merger between Central Indiana Power and Hancock Telecom)||Indiana||FTTH|
|Orange County Rural Electric Membership Corporation||Indiana||FTTH|
|South Central Indiana Rural Electric Membership Corporation||Indiana||FTTH|
|Tipmont Rural Electric Membership Corporation (Wintek)||Indiana||FTTH|
|Allamakee-Clayton Electric Cooperative (AC Skyways)||Iowa||Wireless with fiber backbone|
|Maquoketa Valley Rural Electric Cooperative (MVLink)||Iowa||FTTH|
|Bulter Electric Cooperative (Velocity)||Kansas||FTTH|
|Warren Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation||Kentucky||FTTH pilot projects (announced) — collaborations with North Central Telephone Company and Franklin Electric Power Board|
|Great Lakes Energy (Truestream)||Michigan||FTTH|
|Midwest Energy Cooperative (Midwest Energy and Communications)||Michigan||FTTH|
|Tri-County Electric Cooperative (HomeWorks Connect)||Michigan||FTTH|
|Arrowhead Electric Cooperative (True North Broadband)||Minnesota||FTTH|
|Meeker Cooperative Light and Power Association (Vibrant Broadband)||Minnesota||Wireless with fiber backbone — collaboration with Mabel Cooperative Telephone Company and Spring Grove Communications|
|MiEnergy Electric Cooperative||Minnesota||FTTH & wireless with fiber backbone|
|Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative (XStream Internet)||Minnesota||FTTH — collaboration with telephone cooperative CTC|
|Roseau Electric Cooperative||Minnesota||FTTH (announced) — collaboration with local telephone company|
|Alcorn County Electric Power Association (ACE Fiber)||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Coast Electric Power Association (CoastConnect)||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Delta Electric Power Association||Mississippi||FTTH|
|Monroe County Electric Power Association (M-Pulse Fiber)||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Natchez Trace Electric Power Association (NT Spark)||Mississippi||FTTH|
|Northcentral Mississippi Electric Power Association (Northcentral Connect)||Mississippi||FTTH|
|Northeast Mississippi Electric Power Association (North East Fiber, LLC/NE SPARC)||Mississippi||FTTH|
|Pearl River Valley Electric Power Association (PearlComm Fiber)||Mississippi||FTTH (Announced)|
|Prentiss County Electric Power Association||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Singing River Electric Power Association (Singing River Connect)||Mississippi||FTTH (pilot)|
|Southern Pine Electric Power Association||Mississippi||FTTH|
|Tallahatchie Valley Electric Power Association (TVI-Fiber)||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Tippah Electric Power Association||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Tishomingo County Electric Power Association||Mississippi||FTTH|
|Tombigbee Electric Power Association||Mississippi||FTTH (announced)|
|Barry Electric Cooperative (goBEC)||Missouri||FTTH|
|Callaway Electric (Callabyte Technology)||Missouri||FTTH — collaboration with Kingdom Telephone Cooperative|
|Co-Mo Electric Cooperative (Co-Mo Connect)||Missouri||FTTH|
|Grundy Electric Cooperative (Mid-States Services)||Missouri||FTTH|
|Pemiscot Dunklin Electric Cooperative (Pemiscot Dunklin Fiber)||Missouri||FTTH|
|Ralls County Electric Cooperative (Ralls Technologies)||Missouri||FTTH|
|SEMO Electric Cooperative (GoSEMO Fiber)||Missouri||FTTH|
|United Electric Cooperative (United Fiber)||Missouri||FTTH|
|Crawford Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Gascoasage Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Howell-Oregon Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Intercounty Electric Cooperative Association / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Laclede Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Se-Ma-No Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Southwest Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Webster Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|White River Valley Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||FTTB & Transport Services|
|Valley Electric Association (Valley Communications Association)||Nevada||FTTH|
|Continental Divide Electric Cooperative (Red Bolt Broadband)||New Mexico||FTTH|
|Kit Carson Electric Cooperative (Kit Carson Internet)||New Mexico||FTTH|
|Delaware County Electric Cooperative||New York||FTTH — collaboration with local telephone companies|
|Otsego Electric Cooperative (OEConnect)||New York||FTTH|
|French Broad Electric Membership Corporation||North Carolina||FTTH|
|Lumbee River Electric Membership Corporation (Bluewave Communications NC)||North Carolina||FTTH — collaboration with Horry Telephone Cooperative|
|Roanoke Electric Cooperative (Roanoke Connect)||North Carolina||FTTH|
|Consolidated Electric Cooperative||Ohio||FTTH|
|East Central Oklahoma Cooperative (ecoLINK)||Oklahoma||FTTH (under construction)|
|Lake Region Electric Cooperative (Lake Region Technology & Communications)||Oklahoma||FTTH|
|Northeast Oklahoma Electric Cooperative (Bolt Fiber Optic Services)||Oklahoma||FTTH|
|Oklahoma Electric Cooperative (OEC Fiber)||Oklahoma||FTTH|
|Consumers Power (Peak Internet)||Oregon||FTTP (open access network) — collaboration with Pioneer Consolidated and Stayton Cooperative Telephone Company|
|Central Electric Cooperative (LS Networks)||Oregon||FTTB, Schools, & Transport Services|
|Douglas Electric Cooperative (Douglas Fast Net; LS Networks)||Oregon||FTTH; FTTB, Schools, & Transport Services|
|Hood River Electric Cooperative (CACHE Communications; LS Networks)||Oregon||FTTH; FTTB, Schools, & Transport Services|
|Umatilla Electric Cooperative (LS Networks)||Oregon||FTTB, Schools, & Transport Services|
|West Oregon Electric Cooperative (LS Networks)||Oregon||FTTB, Schools, & Transport Services|
|Sullivan County Rural Electric Cooperative||Pennsylvania||FTTH (announced)|
|Tri-County Rural Electric Cooperative||Pennsylvania||FTTH (announced)|
|Mid-Carolina Electric Cooperative (Carolina Connect)||South Carolina||FTTH|
|Newberry Electric Cooperative (Carolina Connect)||South Carolina||FTTH — collaboration with Mid-Carolina Electric Cooperative|
|Appalachian Electric Cooperative||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Cumberland Electric Membership Cooperative (Cumberland Connect)||Tennessee||FTTH (announced)|
|Forked Deer Electric Cooperative (Forked Deer Connect)||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Gibson Electric Membership Corporation (Gibson Connect)||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Holston Electric Cooperative (Holston Connect)||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Meriwether Lewis Electric Cooperative (MLConnect)||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Sequachee Valley Electric Cooperative (SVEConnect)||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Tri-County Electric Cooperative||Tennessee||FTTH|
|Volunteer Electric Cooperative (Twin Lakes, powered by VEC)||Tennessee||FTTH — collaboratin with Twin Lakes Telephone Cooperative|
|Bandera Electric Cooperative (BEC Fiber)||Texas||FTTH|
|Grayson Collin Electric Cooperative (Grayson Collin Communications)||Texas||FTTH|
|Guadalupe Valley Electric Cooperative||Texas||FTTH|
|Jackson Electric Cooperative (MyJEC.net)||Texas||FTTH & wireless with fiber backbone|
|Taylor Electric Cooperative (Access Fiber)||Texas||FTTH|
|Victoria Electric Cooperative (Infinium)||Texas||FTTH & wireless with fiber backbone|
|BARC Electric Cooperative (BARC Connects)||Virginia||FTTH|
|Central Virginia Electric Cooperative (Firefly Broadband)||Virginia||FTTH|
|Craig-Botetourt Electric Cooperative||Virginia||FTTH (announced)|
|Mecklenburg Electric Cooperative (EMPOWER Broadband)||Virginia||FTTH|
|Prince George Electric Cooperative (Ruralband)||Virginia||FTTH|
|Columbia Rural Electric Association (Columbia iConnect)||Washington||FTTH Pilot Project|
|Orcas Power & Light Cooperative (Rock Island Communications)||Washington||FTTH|
|Chippewa Valley Electric Cooperative (Ntera)||Wisconsin||FTTH — collaboration with telephone cooperative Citizens Connected|
There are about 260 telephone cooperatives in the United States. Many provide Internet service as a natural extension of their existing infrastructure. Many started out by providing dial-up and DSL services, but only recently have begun to transition to Fiber-to-the-Home. Some have already transitioned to an all-fiber network, having upgraded everyone in their territory to fiber.
The Rural Broadband Association (NTCA) has a gigabit certification program in order to draw attention to how many small telephone companies cooperatives have built these next-generation networks.
Articles & Interviews
We have featured a number of these cooperatives on our website. Some cooperatives choose to work with local governments or electric cooperatives while others focus on providing service alone. Below is just a small selection of the many cooperatives that have built Fiber-to-the-Home networks.
In Michigan, a rural telephone cooperative got its start in the early 2000s. The community went from sparse telephone service to state-of-the-art Internet service. Read more about Allband Communications Cooperatives unique story here.
Paul Bunyan Communications Cooperative in Minnesota has expanded their GigaZone throughout the northern half of the state, including Red Lake Nation.
In Missouri, Callaway Electric Cooperative and Kingdom Telephone Company (the local telephone co-op) teamed up to form a new company together called Callabyte Technology to deliver Fiber-to-the-Home service.
Episode 188 of the Community Broadband Bits Podcast features Eric Cramer, the President and CEO of Wilkes Communications/RiverStreet Networks. He explained how the telephone cooperative has built a Fiber-to-the-Home network throughout several counties in northern North Carolina.
The First Internet Cooperative
Cooperatives are not just telephone and electric. There is now a workable model for Internet cooperatives created from scratch. RS Fiber in Minnesota is the first cooperative formed for the express purpose of providing reliable, high-speed Internet service.
We have extensive coverage of how RS Fiber started and the rural communities they have connected. Read more in our report RS Fiber Fertile Fields: New Rural Internet Cooperative.
List of Gigabit Cooperatives
These cooperatives offer gigabit speeds to residents and/or businesses within their service areas. (Total: 210) (Last updated: 12/2019)
|3 Rivers Communications||Montana||Telephone|
|Ace Telephone Association (Ace Communications or AcenTek)||Minnesota, Michigan, Iowa||Telephone|
|Adams Telephone Cooperative||Illinois||Telephone|
|Albany Mutual Telephone Association||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Appalachian Electric Cooperative||Tennessee||Electric|
|Arkansas Valley Electric Cooperative (WAVE Rural Connect)||Arkansas||Electric|
|Arthur Mutual Telephone Company||Ohio||Telephone|
|Atlantic Telephone Membership Corporation||North Carolina||Telephone|
|Ballard Rural Telephone Cooperative Corporation (Bringing Technology Closer)||Kentucky||Telephone|
|Bandera Electric Cooperative (BEC Fiber)||Texas||Electric|
|BARC Electric Cooperative (BARC Connects)||Virginia||Electric|
|Barry Electric Cooperative (goBEC)||Missouri||Electric|
|BEK Communications Cooperative (BEK Lightband)||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Ben Lomand Rural Telephone Cooperative (Ben Lomand Connect)||Tennesseee||Telephone|
|Bledsoe Telephone Cooperative||Tennesseee||Telephone|
|Blue Valley Telecommunications||Kansas||Telephone|
|Bulloch Telephone Cooperative||Georgia||Telephone|
|Callaway Electric Cooperative (Callabyte Technology) — collaboration with Kingdom Telephone Cooperative||Missouri||Electric and telephone|
|Canby Telephone Association (DirectLink)||Oregon||Telephone|
|Central Electric Cooperative (LS Networks)||Oregon||Electric|
|Central Texas Telephone Cooperative||Texas||Telephone|
|Central Virginia Electric Cooperative (Firefly Broadband)||Virginia||Electric|
|Chariton Valley Telephone Corporation||Missouri||Telephone|
|Chequamegon Communications Cooperative (Norvado)||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Chibardun Telephone Cooperative (Mosaic Telecom)||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Chippewa Valley Electric Cooperative (Ntera) — collaboration with telephone cooperative Citizens Connected||Wisconsin||Electric and Telephone|
|Citizens Mutual Telephone Cooperative||Iowa||Telephone|
|Citizens Telephone Cooperative||Virginia||Telephone|
|Citizens Telephone Cooperative||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Clay County Rural Telephone Cooperative (Endeavor Communications)||Indiana||Telephone|
|Co-Mo Electric Cooperative (Co-Mo Connect)||Missouri||Electric|
|Cochrane Cooperative Telephone Company||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Columbia Rural Electric Association (Columbia iConnect)||Washington||Electric|
|Columbus Telephone (Optic Communications)||Kansas||Telephone|
|Consolidated Electric Cooperative||Ohio||Electric|
|Consolidated Telcom||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Consolidated Telephone Company (CTC)||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Cooperative Telephone Exchange||Iowa||Telephone|
|Copper Valley Telephone Cooperative (Copper Valley Telecom)||Alaska||Telephone|
|Craighead Electric Cooperative Corporation (Empower)||Arkansas||Electric|
|Craw Kan Telephone Cooperative||Kansas||Telephone|
|Crawford Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Custer Telephone Cooperative, Inc.||Idaho||Telephone|
|Dakota Central Telecommunications||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Danville Mutual Telephone Company (i-connect you)||Iowa||Telephone|
|Daviess-Martin Rural Telephone Corporation (RTC Communications)||Indiana||Telephone|
|DeKalb Telephone Cooperative, Inc||Tennessee||Telephone|
|Delaware County Electric Cooperative||New York||Electric|
|Delta-Montrose Electric Association (Elevate Fiber)||Colorado||Electric|
|Dickey Rural Telephone Cooperative||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Douglas Electric Cooperative (Douglas Fast Net; LS Networks)||Oregon||Electric|
|Eastern New Mexico Rural Telephone Cooperative (Plateau Telecommunications)||New Mexico||Telephone|
|Eastern Oregon Telecom||Oregon||Telephone|
|Ellsworth Cooperative Telephone Association||Iowa||Telephone|
|Emily Cooperative Telephone Company||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Farmers Mutual Cooperative Telephone Company||Iowa||Telephone|
|Farmers Mutual Telephone Company||Iowa||Telephone|
|Farmers Mutual Telephone Company (Acira — partnership with Federated Telephone Cooperative)||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Farmers Telecommunications Cooperative||Alabama||Telephone|
|Farmers Telephone Cooperative||South Carolina||Telephone|
|Federated Telephone Cooperative (Acira — partnership with Farmers Mutual Telephone Company)||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Foothills Telephone Cooperative (Foothills Communications)||Kentucky||Telephone|
|Forked Deer Electric Cooperative (Forked Deer Connect)||Tennessee||Electric|
|French Broad Electric Membership Corporation||North Carolina||Electric|
|Garden Valley Telephone Company (Garden Valley Technologies)||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Gascoasage Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Gervais Telephone Company (DataVision Cooperative)||Oregon||Telephone|
|Gibson Electric Membership Corporation (Gibson Connect)||Tennessee||Electric|
|Golden Belt Telephone Association||Kansas||Telephone|
|Grand River Mutual Telephone Corporation (GRM Networks)||Missouri||Telephone|
|Grayson Collin Electric Cooperative (Grayson Collin Communications)||Texas||Electric|
|Great Lakes Energy (Truestream)||Mississippi||Electric|
|Griswold Cooperative Telephone Company (Griswold Communications)||Iowa||Telephone|
|Grundy Electric Cooperative (Mid-States Services)||Missouri||Electric|
|Guadalupe Valley Electric Cooperative||Texas||Electric|
|Guadalupe Valley Telephone Cooperative||Texas||Telephone|
|Habersham Electric Membership Corporation (Trailwave; North Georgia Network Cooperative)||Georgia||Electric|
|Halstad Telephone Company||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Highland Telephone Cooperative||Tennessee||Telephone|
|Hill Country Telephone Cooperative||Texas||Telephone|
|Holston Electric Cooperative (Holston Connect)||Tennessee||Electric|
|Hood River Electric Cooperative (CACHE Communications; LS Networks)||Oregon||Electric|
|Horry Telephone Cooperative||South Carolina||Telephone|
|Howell-Oregon Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Huxley Communications Cooperative||Iowa||Telephone|
|Intercounty Electric Cooperative Association / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Jackson County Rural Elctric Membership Corporation (Jackson Connect)||Indiana||Electric|
|Jefferson Energy Cooperative — collaboration with Pineland Telephone Cooperative||Georgia||Electric and Telephone|
|Jo-Carrol Energy (Sand Prairie)||Illinois||Electric|
|Johnson County Rural Electric Membership Corporation — collaboration with NineStar Connect||Indiana||Electric and telephone|
|Kalona Cooperative Technology Company||Iowa||Telephone|
|Kingdom Telephone Company||Missouri||Telephone|
|Laclede Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Lake Region Electric Cooperative (Lake Region Technology & Communications)||Oklahoma||Electric|
|LaValle Telephone Cooperative||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Leaco Rural Telephone Cooperative||New Mexico||Telephone|
|Lehigh Valley Cooperative Telephone Association||Iowa||Telephone|
|Logan Telephone Cooperative||Kentucky||Telephone|
|Maquoketa Valley Rural Electric Cooperative (MVLink)||Iowa||Electric|
|Marquette-Adams Telephone Cooperative||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Matanuska Telephone Association||Alaska||Telephone|
|Mecklenburg Electric Cooperative (EMPOWER Broadband)||Virginia||Electric|
|Meriweather Lewis Electric Cooperative (MLConnect)||Tennessee||Electric|
|Mid Century Telephone Cooperative (Mid Century Communications)||Illinois||Telephone|
|Mid-Carolina Electric Cooperative (Carolina Connect)||South Carolina||Electric|
|Mid-Rivers Telephone Cooperative (Mid-Rivers Communications)||Montana||Telephone|
|Midstate Communications||South Dakota||Telephone|
|Midwest Energy Cooperative (Midwest Energy and Communications)||Michigan||Electric|
|Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative (XStream Internet) — collaboration with CTC||Minnesota||Electric and telephone|
|Molalla Telephone Company (Molalla Communications)||Oregon||Telephone|
|Mountain Rural Telephone Cooperative Corporation||Kentucky||Telephone|
|Nelson Communications Cooperative (Ntec)||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Nemont Telephone Cooperative||Montana||Telephone|
|New Hope Telephone Cooperative||Alabama||Telephone|
|New Lisbon Telephone Company||Indiana||Telephone|
|Newberry Electric Cooperative (Carolina Connect)||South Carolina||Electric|
|NineStar Connect (merger between Central Indiana Power and Hancock Telecom)||Indiana||Electric and telephone|
|North Alabama Electric Cooperative||Alabama||Electric|
|North Arkansas Electric Cooperative (NEXT)||Arkansas||Electric|
|North Central Telephone Cooperative||Tennessee and Kentucky||Telephone|
|North Dakota Telephone Company||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Northeast Nebraska Telephone Company||Nebraska||Telephone|
|Northeast Oklahoma Electric Cooperative (Bolt Fiber Optic Services)||Oklahoma||Electric|
|Northwest Communications Cooperative||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Oklahoma Electric Cooperative (OEC Fiber)||Oklahoma||Electric|
|Orange County Rural Electric Membership Corporation||Indiana||Electric|
|Orcas Power & Light Cooperative (Rock Island Communications)||Washington||Electric|
|Otsego Electric Cooperative (OEConnect)||New York||Electric|
|Ouachita Electric Cooperative (ARIS)||Arkansas||Electric|
|Ozarks Electric Cooperative (OzarksGo)||Arkansas||Electric|
|Palmetto Rural Telephone Company||South Carolina||Telephone|
|Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, Inc.||Oklahoma||Telephone|
|Panora Communications Cooperative||Iowa||Telephone|
|Paul Bunyan Rural Telephone Cooperative||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Peak Internet (partnership between Pioneer Consolidated, Consumers Power, and Stayton Cooperative Telephone Company)||Oregon||Electric and telephone|
|Pemiscot Dunklin Electric Cooperative||Missouri||Electric|
|Peoples Rural Telephone Cooperative||Kentucky||Telephone|
|Perry-Spencer Rural Telephone Cooperative (Perry-Spencer Communications)||Indiana||Telephone|
|Phillips County Telephone Company (PC Telcom)||Colorado||Telephone|
|Pineland Telephone Cooperative||Georgia||Telephone|
|Pioneer Telephone Cooperative||Oklahoma||Telephone|
|Plains Cooperative Telephone Association||Colorado||Telephone|
|Plumas-Sierra Rural Electric Cooperative (Plumas-Sierra Telecommunications)||California||Electric|
|Polar Communications Mutual Aid Corporation||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Prince George Electric Cooperative (Ruralband)||Virginia||Electric|
|Rainbow Telecommunications Association (Rainbow Communications)||Kansas||Telephone|
|Ralls County Electric Cooperative (Ralls Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Randolph Telephone Membership Corporation (Randoph Communications)||North Carolina||Telephone|
|Range Telephone Cooperative (RT Communications)||Montana, Wyoming||Telephone|
|Red River Rural Telephone Association||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Reservation Telephone Cooperative||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Richland-Grant Telephone Cooperative||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Runestone Telecom Association||Minnesota||Telephone|
|Rural Telephone Service Cooperative (Nex-Tech)||Kansas||Telephone|
|San Luis Valley Rural Electric Cooperative (Ciello)||Colorado||Electric|
|Scio Mutual Telephone Association||Oregon||Telephone|
|Se-Ma-No Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|SEMO Electric Cooperative (GoSEMO Fiber)||Missouri||Electric|
|Sequatchee Valley Electric Cooperative (SVEConnect)||Tennessee||Electric|
|Sherwood Mutual Telephone Association||Ohio||Telephone|
|Skyline Telephone Membership Corporation (SkyBest Communications)||North Carolina||Telephone|
|South Central Arkansas Electric Cooperative (South Central Connect)||Arkansas||Electric|
|South Central Indiana Rural Electric Membership Corporation||Indiana||Electric|
|South Central Rural Telephone Cooperative||Kentucky||Telephone|
|South Central Utah Telephone Association (South Central Communications)||Utah||Telephone|
|South Slope Cooperative Communications||Iowa||Telephone|
|Southeast Colorado Power Association (SECOM)||Colorado||Electric|
|Southwest Arkansas Telephone Cooperative||Arkansas||Telephone|
|Southwest Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|SRT Communications||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Star Telephone Membership Corporation (Star Communications)||North Carolina||Telephone|
|Surry Communications Membership Cooperation||North Carolina||Telephone|
|Taylor Electric Cooperative (Access Fiber)||Texas||Electric|
|The Ottoville Mutual Telephone Company||Ohio||Telephone|
|Tipmont Rural Electric Membership Corporation (Wintek)||Indiana||Electric|
|Tombigbee Electric Cooperative (freedom FIBER)||Alabama||Electric|
|Tri-County Communications Cooperative||Wisconsin||Electric|
|Tri-County Electric Cooperative||Tennessee||Electric|
|Tri-County Electric Cooperative (HomeWorks Connect)||Michigan||Electric|
|Tri-County Telephone Association||Kansas||Electric|
|Tri-County Telephone Membership Corporation (RiverStreet Networks)||North Carolina||Telephone|
|Twin Lakes Telephone Cooperative Corporation||Tennessee||Telephone|
|UBTA-UBET Communications, also known as Strata Networks||Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming||Telephone|
|Umatilla Electric Cooperative (LS Networks)||Oregon||Electric|
|United Electric Cooperative (United Fiber)||Missouri||Electric|
|United Telephone Mutual Aid Corporation (Turtle Mountain Communications)||North Dakota||Telephone|
|Valley Electric Association (Valley Communications Association)||Nevada||Electric|
|Valley Telecommunications||South Dakota||Telephone|
|Venture Communications Cooperative||South Dakota||Telephone|
|Vernon Communications Cooperative||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|Victoria Electric Cooperative (Infinium)||Texas||Electric|
|Volunteer Electric Cooperative (Twin Lakes, powered by VEC)||Tennessee||Electric and telephone|
|Wabash Communications Cooperative||Illinois||Telephone|
|Wabash Mutual Telephone Company||Ohio||Telephone|
|Washington County Rural Telephone Cooperative (Tele-media Solutions)||Indiana||Telephone|
|Webster Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Webster-Calhoun Cooperative Telephone Association||Iowa||Telephone|
|West Carolina Rural Telephone Cooperative (West Carolina Tel)||South Carolina||Telephone|
|West Central Telephone Association||Minnesota||Telephone|
|West Kentucky and Tennessee Communications Cooperative||Kentucky, Tennessee||Telephone|
|West Oregon Electric Cooperative (LS Networks)||Oregon||Electric|
|West River Telecommunications Cooperative||North Dakota and South Dakota||Telephone|
|West Wisconsin Telcom Cooperative (24-7 Telcom)||Wisconsin||Telephone|
|White River Valley Electric Cooperative / Sho-Me Power Electric Cooperative (Sho-Me Technologies)||Missouri||Electric|
|Wiggins Telephone Association (Blue Lightning)||Colorado||Telephone|
|Wilkes Telephone Membership Corporation (RiverStreet Networks)||North Carolina||Telephone|
|Yampa Valley Electric Association (Luminate Broadband)||Colorado||Electric|
|Yucca Telecommunications Systems||New Mexico||Telephone|
Community Broadband Bits Podcast Episodes
Listen to our collection of Community Broadband Bits Podcasts to learn firsthand about how electric cooperatives have made the decision to provide Internet service.
|Tri-County Rural Electric Delivering Connectivity, Expanding Partnerships, in Appalachians||Co-op finds funding, partners to build broadband network demanded by members||Craig Eccher||Transcript 383|
|South Dakota Fiber All About the Local||Co-ops, cities, locally-owned companies, and tribal ISPs invest in rural South Dakota||Greg Dean||Transcript 369|
|Firefly Fiber All the Buzz in Central Virginia||Central Virginia Electric Co-op's new fiber project and how members are embracing better connectivity||Melissa Gay and Gary Wood||Transcript 358|
|Pemiscot-Dunklin Electric Cooperative Steps Up, Offers FTTH in Missouri's Bootheel||Pemiscot-Dunklin Electric Cooperative's FTTH project in rural Missouri and how the environment impacted network design||Jack Davis||Transcript 344|
|RiverStreet Networks Reaching Across Rural North Carolina||Co-op partners with other co-ops and communities to connect rural N.C.||Greg Coltrain||Transcript 342|
|Great Lakes Energy's Big Plan for Big Fiber||Largest electric co-op in Michigan is deploying a FTTH network||Shari Culver||Transcript 324|
|Analyzing the Auction With Jonathan Chambers||Results of the Connect America Fund Phase II auction, including a strong showing by electric co-ops||Jonathan Chambers||Transcript 321|
|DMEA Co-op Serving Up Broadband and Innovation in Colorado||The Delta Montrose Electric Association fiber deployment in Colorado||John Gavan and Brad Harding||Transcript 314|
|North Dakota's Exceptional Fiber Networks||North Dakota has low population density, but many fiber cooperatives||Robin Anderson||Transcript 288|
|Kit Carson Fibers up New Mexico||Electric Cooperative builds fiber network in rural New Mexico||Luis Reyes||Transcript 277|
|Allband All-in For Rural Michigan Internet Access||Folks build a cooperative from scratch in rural Michigan||Ron Siegel||Transcript 276|
|Rural Electric Co-ops as Reluctant Warriors for Broadband||The challenges and decisions that rural electric cooperatives face||Alyssa Clemsen-Roberts||Transcript 249|
|What's NEXT in North Arkansas?||North Arkansas Electric Cooperative's pilot project for high-speed Internet service||Mel Coleman||Transcript 243|
|United Fiber Tackles Missouri's Most Rural||The demand for better, faster connections and the role of rural electric cooperatives||Darren Farnan||Transcript 240|
|Rural Electrics Solve Rural Internet Access Problems||Former head of FCC's Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis on politics and rural connectivity||Jon Chambers||Transcript 229|
|Midwest Energy Cooperative Connects Rural Michigan||A rural electric cooperative provides fiber connectivity||Bob Hance and Dave Allen||Transcript 225|
|H.R. Trostle on Co-Ops, Munis, Connectivity in North Carolina||ILSR Research Associate discusses North Carolina and Internet access||H.R. Trostle||Transcript 224|
|Tennessee Potential Partnership Between Morristown Muni and AEC Co-op||Morristown Tennessee, and the local electric co-op are teaming up to deliver needed services||Jody Wigington and Greg Williams||Transcript 203|
|A New Cooperative Model for Fiber to the Farm||The RS Fiber Cooperative steals the spotlight with its new cooperative model||Mark Erickson and Jake Rieke||Transcript 198|
|North Carolina Co-op Fibers Up Rural Counties and More||What does it take for a telephone co-op in North Carolina to provide FTTH? President and CEO of Wilkes Communications and RiverStreet Networks explains||Eric Cramer||Transcript 188|
|Rural Electric Co-Mo Co-op Goes Gig||Discussion on how Co-Mo electric co-op in rural Missouri structured broadband network and its objective to enter the business and results||Randy Klindt||Transcript 140|
|Catching Up with the RS Fiber Co-op in Minnesota||Update on the RS Fiber Co-op project in Minnesota||Mark Erickson and Cindy Gerholz||Transcript 99|
|Understanding the Georgia Communications Cooperative||Discussion on how cooperatives work together and expand the regional network in Georgia and challenges to connect rural premises with fiber optics||Mike Foor||Transcript 92|
|North Georgia Network Brings Gig to Schools, Jobs to Region||The origin of the North Georgia Network and its economic and social impact on the region||Paul Belk||Transcript 46|
On the border of Tennessee and Kentucky, an electric cooperative looks to a more connected future. The Tri-County Electric Cooperative that operates across state lines is preparing to build a state-of-the-art network for high-speed Internet service throughout Trousdale County, Tennessee. This will be the first year of construction for the cooperative after several years of planning.
Tri-County Electric plans to soon begin services to Trousdale County, the smallest county in Tennessee. Many of the county's 8,000 residents' choice is limited to Comcast and AT&T, and Tri-County Electric's Vice-President and General Manager Paul Thompson noted that people in the county often only subscribe to about 6 Mbps download and 1 Mbps upload. With a steady membership base of 50,000 spread across two states and a close relationship with the county, the electric co-op is in a good position to move forward with the Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) project. The cooperative intends to offer an affordable base package that provides faster, more reliable connectivity than what the incumbents are willing to offer the rural communities.
Funding From The Feds
Since 2014, Tri-County Electric Cooperative has actively pursued financing for a FTTH network in the county. The co-op applied for a grant through the Rural Broadband Experiments program managed by the Federal Communications Commission. They did not receive any funding, but the process resulted in a tangible plan.
The process of applying for the grant built up community support for the project and enabled the co-op to identify key assets. As part of the grant application, they noted which census blocks they expected to connect and what community anchor institutions, such as schools, libraries, and government buildings, could be included. The Trousdale County government even passed a resolution giving explicit permission for Tri-County Electric to build and operate a FTTH network.
People in Otis, Massachusetts, are now seeing utility crews make space for fiber optic cable on poles as they prepare for the community’s publicly owned Internet network. The schedule calls for cable installation in August; the network should start serving residents and businesses this fall.
Working With A Neighbor
Like several other hill towns in western Massachusetts, Otis is working with Westfield Gas + Electric’s WhipCity Fiber, which will handle construction of the network. WhipCity will construct the network in phases, connecting premises as neighborhoods are completed. The project will connect 1,687 premises and will cost approximately $5 million.
Construction is finally able to commence because in May, the Massachusetts Broadband Institute (MBI) released funding for last mile broadband networks to several towns that advocated for their own solutions. Otis received $1.7 million. Communities like Otis that chose to invest in publicly owned infrastructure are required to contribute to the cost of their network.
MBI chose to release the funds after a drawn out situation in which unserved and underserved communities in the western part of the state first planned to unite as a broadband cooperative, WiredWest. MBI was the administrator of approximately $50 million in federal stimulus and state grant funding but withheld the funds. They felt there were problems with the WiredWest business model, but local towns and municipal network experts did not share those concerns. Instead, MBI planned to dole out the funding to large incumbent providers, which angered many of the local communities that have expressed dissatisfaction with treatment by those very companies over the years. Comcast will still obtain large amounts of the grant money to build out in several of the smaller communities. Those small towns will not be required to contribute, but 100 precent of their premises are not always served and they will not own the infrastructure.
Hey, Minnesota communities, are you looking for funding sources for your broadband project? If yes, and you plan on applying for a Minnesota Border-to-Border Development Grant Program, you should be getting your ducks in a row. The application period is fast approaching - July 3 through September 11.
For the 2017 grant period, the state legislature allocated $20 million to the program to expand broadband service in unserved or underserved areas of Minnesota. As a way to help you sort through the application process, the Minnesota Office of Broadband Development will be hosting several webinars early in the application period.
Dates and times for the webinars are:
Monday, June 26, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. (Central Time)
Friday, July 7, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Monday, July 10, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Wednesday, July 12, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Sign up for the webinars and get the details on eligibility, the process, and resources at the Office of Broadband Development website.
In an exciting milestone, this is podcast 100000000. Or 256 in decimal - you know, for the squares. While at the always-amazing Mountain Connect event in Colorado, I snagged an interview with Doug Seacat of Deeply Digital and Clearnetworx. They sought a grant from the Colorado Broadband Fund to deploy fiber and wireless to underserved Ridgway in western Colorado.
What happened next is shocking but hardly an anomaly. Using what is often called the "Right of First Refusal," where incumbents get to prevent competition in state broadband programs, CenturyLink not only blocked Clearnetworx from getting the grant but got itself a hefty subsidy for a very modest improvement in services.
Ridgway residents went from almost certainly having a choice in providers and gigabit access to seeing their taxpayer dollars used to not only make competition less likely but also effectively blocking the gig from coming to everyone in town. In this interview, we discuss the details.
We want your feedback and suggestions for the show-please e-mail us or leave a comment below.
Listen to other episodes here or view all episodes in our index. See other podcasts from the Institute for Local Self-Reliance here.
Thanks to Arne Huseby for the music. The song is Warm Duck Shuffle and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (3.0) license.
West Virginia rural communities struggle with access to broadband but a bill in the state legislature is taking some first steps to encourage better connectivity. HB 3093 passed the House with wide support (97 - 2) and has been sent on to the Senate for review. The bill doesn’t appropriate any funding for Internet infrastructure projects around the state, but adopts some policies that may help local communities obtain better connectivity.
Revenue Neutral And Popular
The state is facing a $500 million budget deficit and lawmakers don't have the appetite to appropriate finds for Internet infrastructure projects. As in most states, policy bills do well during times of financial strife. Elected officials still want to do what they can to encourage better broadband so, according to at least one lawmaker, the revenue neutral nature of the bill has contributed to its success in the legislature. Delegate Roger Henshaw, one of the bill's co-sponsors, told Metro News:
“Notice this is a revenue-neutral bill,” Hanshaw said. “That’s in fact one of the reasons we’re rolling it out now. We have other bills here in both the House and Senate that are not revenue-neutral bills that were on the table for consideration.
“But with the clock ticking on us, it became clear that we probably ought to be looking at options to advance service that didn’t even have the possibility of a financial impact. This bill does not.”
Check out the 3-minute interview with Hanshaw on Soundcloud.
The Broadband Enhancement Council
West Virginia’s Broadband Enhancement Council was created in a previous session and receives more authority and responsibility under HB 3093. They are tasked with the authority to, among other things, gather comparative data between actual and advertised speeds around the state, to advise and provide consultation services to project sponsors, and make the public know about facilities that offer community broadband access.
Even though they don't have to chip in any local funds, the town of Shutesbury, Massachusetts, rejected Charter’s proposal to build a hybrid fiber coaxial network in their community. They don’t consider the proposal a “good long-term solution to bring broadband to our town" and prefer to build a publicly owned fiber-optic network for future-proof technology, provider accountability, and local control.
You Get What You Pay For
Unlike Charter’s proposal to serve only 96 percent of the homes in the community, the town made a commitment to include all members of the community some time ago. Charter would not extend its proposal to include about three dozen properties that are further out unless the town committed to providing funds above and beyond what the state offered to provide as part of the proposal. Board of Selectmen Chair Michael Vinskey went on to tell MassLive that Charter would not commit to a specific cost for extending a network to those additional homes.
In the words of Vinskey, committing to such an ambiguous arrangement, “would not be fiscally responsible.” No kidding.
Shutesbury authorized spending for a Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) network once already. In 2015, folks at the annual Town Meeting voted to approve $1.7 million in bonding to pay for the infrastructure. They’ll take another vote this May for the debt exclusion authorization, as required by state law.
Community leaders estimate deployment to every property at approximately $2.57 million. Their share of the state grants that are to be distributed by MBI come to $870,000 for construction and professional services. Like the community of Leverett, Shutesbury intends to use a modest property tax increase to fund the infrastructure investment.
Erwin Fiber is growing in stages and now that the utility in Erwin, Tennessee, has completed phase three of its Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) deployment, about half of its electricity customers have access to high-quality Internet access. That’s not all - phase four this spring will bring gigabit connectivity to more rural customers in two nearby mountain communities.
Reaching Out In Steps
All told, Erwin Fiber more than tripled its service area in 2016. A December grant from the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) will allow the utility to complete the spring build out, which will serve an additional 680 homes and 30 businesses. The Temple Hill and Bumpass Cove areas located in the mountains outside of downtown Erwin will have access to Erwin Fiber's symmetrical Internet access. Due to the remote character of these neighborhoods, people here had little prospect of obtaining high-quality Internet access from other providers. The 35-mile expansion will cost approximately $400,000.
November’s expansion added 2,200 homes and businesses, while a similar effort last March included 1,300 homes and businesses. Both expansions came after the community successfully experimented with a 2015 pilot project in which the city’s electric utility connected an initial 1,200 customers. The utility needed the infrastructure for the electric system other utilities; it was the right to to invest in the equipment for high-speed connectivity and phone service
Not An Impluse
The municipality of about 6,000 people had considered the investment some 15 years prior but couldn’t afford the investment until recent years when the cost of deployment decreased. In January, Christopher interviewed Lee Brown and John Williams from Erwin Utilities who discussed the community’s project and explained how the fiber infrastructure is benefitting all the utility customers, even those who don’t subscribe to FTTH services.